TrAgLor - Turkish Agricultural Learning Objects Repository

Object Summary

An Ancient Wheat Grinding Mechanism

Title of object

An Ancient Wheat Grinding Mechanism

Object description

An ancient wheat grinding system which has been found during excavations, administrated by Prof. Tahsin Özgüç in Kültepe location of Kayseri province of Turkey. Kultepe, known in ancient times as Kanesh - Karum, was one of the earliest Hittite commercial cities. Dating from 2000 BC, Kultepe was also one of the world's first cities to be open to free trade.

Language of object


Author(s) / Publisher

Zeynel Cebeci


Agricultural History and Biography


hittites, karum, kanesh, anatolian cultural history, kayseri, kültepe, ancient agriculture, wheat grinding

Technical format


Intended end-user role


Learning resource type


Typical age range

Secondary (9-11), Junior High (12-14), Senior High (15-17), Undergraduate (18-21), Graduate (21-), Adult (18-)

Copyright - Restrictions

This resource is licensed under the license(CC-BY-NC-ND) Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported

Cost with use


Source code available


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